Agnes Macphail

(Agnes Campbell Macphail)

Agnes Macphail
Agnes Macphail
  • Born: March 24, 1890
  • Died: February 13, 1954
  • Nationality: Canadian
  • Profession: Schoolteacher









Agnes Campbell Macphail was a Canadian politician who was elected to the House of Commons of Canada from 1921 to 1940. She was the first woman to be elected to parliament. From 1943 to 1945 and again from 1948 to 1951 she was a member of the Legislative Assembly of Ontario representing the Toronto riding of York East. Active throughout her life in progressive Canadian politics, Macphail worked for two separate parties and promoted her ideas through column-writing, activist organizing, and legislation.

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The misery of being under observation and being unduly criticized is what I remember most. Visitors in the gallery couldn't help seeing one woman among so many men, but they made no effort to disguise the fact that I was a curiosity... Politics, Politicians & Political Campaigning & Fund Raising
Do not rely completely on any other human being, however dear. We meet all life's greatest tests alone. Life
I believe the preservation of the home in the future lies almost entirely in the hands of men. Future
I do not want to be the angel of any home: I want for myself what I want for other women, absolute equality. After that is secured, then men and women can take turns being angels. Women ;Equality & Equal Opportunity
I owed it to my father that I was elected to Parliament in the first place, but I owed it to my mother that I stuck it out once I got there.
I want for myself what I want for other women, absolute equality. Women ;Equality & Equal Opportunity
If the preservation of the home means the enslavement of women, economically or morally, then we had better break it. Women
If they are willing to give women economic freedom in that home, if they are willing to live by the standard they wish women to live by, then homes will be preserves. Women ;Freedom & Liberty
It is a fact that all women contribute more to marriage than men; for the most part they have to change their place of living, their method of work, a great many women today changing their occupation entirely on marriage; and they must even change their name. Women ;Work, Workers & The Labor Force
Most of the women who have offered themselves for public office over the years have done so, I believe, more because of the 'dirt' than in spite of it. Women
Never apologize. Never explain. Just get the thing done, and let them howl.
Whatever is dirty, it is women's job to clean up, or drive some man to clean up, and that goes for everything from cellar to senate. Women
When I first came to the House of Commons and walked out into the lobby, men sprang to their feet. I asked them to sit down since I'd come to walk around. I didn't want them doing me favours.

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